Investment Fraud: JONATHAN LY Guilty to Insider Trading
Former Expedia IT Support Worker Pleads Guilty to Insider Trading
Used Computer Network Credentials to Access Company Emails to Trade on Non-Public Information
A computer support technician formerly employed at Expedia offices in San Francisco pleaded guilty today in U.S. District Court in Seattle to securities fraud, announced U.S. Attorney Annette L. Hayes. JONATHAN LY, 28, of San Francisco, admitted he used his position in tech support at Expedia to access emails of Expedia executives so that he could trade in Expedia stock and illegally profit from non-public information. LY faces a separate Securities and Exchange Commission action requiring him to pay back the more than $331,000 in profits he made in the scheme. Sentencing in the criminal case is scheduled for February 28, 2017, in front of U.S. District Judge John C. Coughenour.
“The irony of our increasingly digital world is that the greatest threat to our networks is a human one,” said U.S. Attorney Annette L. Hayes. “In this case, an IT professional used his employer’s networks to facilitate a get-rich-quick scheme. I commend Expedia for quickly contacting law enforcement when they identified the computer intrusion. Their willingness to do the right thing made it possible to effectively investigate and prosecute the matter – protecting our financial markets from unfair manipulation.”
According to records filed in the case, between 2013 and 2015, LY was employed by Bellevue based Expedia as a Senior IT Technician in the San Francisco office of subsidiary Hotwire.com. In order to provide IT support, LY had network privileges that allowed him to remotely access the electronic devices of Expedia executives. Using those privileges LY accessed documents and emails containing non- public information on the devices of both the Chief Financial Officer and the Head of Investor Relations. Using the non-public information LY executed a series of well-timed trades in Expedia stock options.
Even after he left the company in 2015, LY kept an Expedia laptop, and without the knowledge of the company, continued to access the electronic devices and email accounts of Expedia executives. LY used his know-how to make it appear that other Expedia employees were actually the ones accessing the devices. Shortly after discovering the computer intrusion, Expedia reported it to the FBI and undertook its own forensic investigation. Because of the quick reporting, the FBI was able to trace the computer intrusion to LY. As part of his plea agreement LY will repay Expedia the $81,592 it spent investigating the computer intrusion.
“Insider trading erodes the public’s trust in the financial markets. Reassuringly, most employees never exploit their unique knowledge for unfair investment advantages,” said FBI Special Agent in Charge Jay S. Tabb, Jr. of the FBI Seattle field division. “However, our FBI office is particularly attentive to uncovering when and where this type of fraud occurs, given this state’s high density of publicly traded companies. This case was particularly egregious because Mr. Ly abused his special access privileges as an IT administrator. On top of violating the trust of the public and his company, he violated the privacy of fellow employees by surreptitiously accessing their files.”
Securities fraud is punishable by up to 25 years in prison and a $250,000 fine. This is the maximum penalty allowed by law. The actual sentence imposed in any case will reflect the specific facts of the crime, including the impact on any victims and the defendant.
The case was investigated by the FBI and is being prosecuted by Assistant United States Attorney Kathryn Kim Frierson.